UK 2015 - Part 2

The 2015 Meeting of the International Clematis Society in the UK

2015 saw the Society return to Great Britain for our meeting this year but to a part of the country not visited before - the West Country, comprising the counties of Somerset, Devon and Cornwall.

The meeting was two-centred, at the Holiday Inn, Taunton for the first few days and the Carlyon Bay Hotel, St Austell for the remaining days. In this, the second of my three informal reports on the meeting, we move from Taunton to St Austell.

For the first of my reports, covering our time in and around Taunton, please click UK2015 - Part 1 and the third and final report, please click UK2015 - Part 3.

The Garden House, Buckland Monachorum

The Garden House©Ken WoolfendenTransfer day today, with a move from the Holiday Inn, Taunton to Carlyon Bay Hotel, St Austell. It's a reasonable distance so we're breaking the journey with a visit and lunch at The Garden House, Yelverton, Devon.

Fiona and I are travelling in our own car and decide to take the scenic route across the middle of Dartmoor. We certainly get plenty of time to see the scenery as we get caught in the middle of a cycle race. Overtaking a large group of cyclists on the narrow and windy roads of Dartmoor is not easy. We arrived just as the rest of the party were getting off the coaches.

The history of The Garden House starts in 1945 when Lionel Fortescue, a teacher at Eton College, retired and with his wife, Katharine, moved into the former Georgian vicarage in the middle of a 10 acre plot. They set about designing and developing what is now recognized as one of the finest gardens in the West Country. Fortunately they had the foresight to create a charitable trust to maintain and enhance the gardens after their deaths in the 1980s.

Georgian House at the end of the lawn©Ken Woolfenden

Above - The Georgian House at the end of the lawn

Below - The Lawn, looking in the other direction

The lawn, looking in the other direction

As you enter the gardens, the first thing you see is the large lawn, with a view of the Georgian vicarage at one end. Paths lead off in all directions but their destinations are hidden from view. There is extensive planting around the lawn.

We wandered down towards the Walled Garden, enjoying the wildflowers planted on both sides of the paths and roads. We paused on the outside of the Walled Garden but decided to leave that until later as we went off in the other direction, down a path through the woods, skirting a small round Dovecote and then up to Wisteria Bridge.

Flower-edged paths©Ken Woolfenden
Flower-edged paths

Outside of the Walled Garden©Ken Woolfenden
Outside the Walled Garden

Dovecote in the woods©Ken Woolfenden
Dovecote in the woods

Fiona on the Wisteria Bridge©Ken Woolfenden
Fiona on the Wisteria Bridge

Turning right took us into one of the most spectacular parts of the 10 acres, the Wildflower Meadow. The vivid colours were wonderful, very densely planted with paths through so you could get in amongst the flowers. It's sited on a gentle slope overlooking a distant church, though given the foliage on the surrounding trees, all we could see was the top of the church tower.

Wildflower meadow and church©Ken Woolfenden
Wildflower meadow overlooking the distant church

Wildflowers on the approach to the Quarry Garden©Ken Woolfenden
Wildflowers on the approach to the Quarry Garden

More wildflowers©Ken Woolfenden
More wildflowers

View back to the house©Ken Woolfenden
View back to the house

From here we walked up to the Quarry Garden. The gardens are continually being developed and here was evidence of a new feature, with the gentle sound of running water and a small pond.

New water feature in the Quarry Garden©Ken Woolfenden
New water feature in the Quarry Garden

The redesigned Quarry Garden©Ken Woolfenden
The redesigned Quarry Garden

There were many beautiful plants everywhere, but a couple that caught our eyes were these electric blue Eryngium 'Big Blue', and a combination of bright red poppies and dusky pink Astrantia which really should work together, but they did!

Electric blue Eryngium 'Big Blue'©Ken Woolfenden
Electric blue Eryngium 'Big Blue'

Bright red poppies and dusky pink Astrantia©Ken Woolfenden
Bright red poppies and dusky pink Astrantia

One of the many features is the Walled Garden, with the ruins of the old 16th century vicarage, barn and tower. The route we took down to it passed three unusual but attractive oval beds, surrounded by brick pavers and slate walls, a relatively recent addition, I believe, and a demonstration that the gardens continue to be developed.

The Walled Garden itself is beautiful, with ruins of the 16th century buildings providing a perfect backdrop for the planting. It's a bit more formal than other parts but still has a friendly and comforting feeling.

The Ovals, leading down to the Walled Garden©Ken Woolfenden
The Ovals, leading to the Walled Garden

Tower in the Walled Garden©Ken Woolfenden
  Tower in the Walled Garden

Old stone buildings and ruins in the Walled Garden©Ken Woolfenden Old stone buildings and ruins in the Walled Garden©Ken Woolfenden

Old stone buildings and ruins in the Walled Garden

I leave you with yet another view towards the house with the wonderful planting. This garden was unknown to me before our visit but I would now suggest it should be on the itinerary of any visitor to the West Country. It is magnificent.

Yet another view of the house©Ken Woolfenden

Carlyon Bay Hotel, St Austell

We reached our new hotel in the late afternoon. It was a very different establishment to the Holiday Inn - large, imposing and very much aimed at the luxury end of the market. It had a superb location on the cliff top overlooking Carlyon Bay.

We arrived in time for a quick wander around the hotel grounds before enjoying a very nice dinner.

Carlyon Bay Hotel©Ken Woolfenden
Carlyon Bay Hotel, the rear of the building©Ken Woolfenden Carlyon Bay Hotel, view across the bay©Ken Woolfenden

Pinetum Park and Pine Lodge Gardens

Next morning and, for the first time, it was raining. Not that hard admittedly, more a steady drizzle, but still wet. It was a short drive to Pinetum Park and Pine Lodge Gardens and not far enough for the weather to change.

However, being gardeners, we know the value of rain and certainly don't let a little bit of water stop us getting out and about.

Pinetum Park and Pine Lodge Gardens comprises 30 acres divided into 12 separate gardens, each with a different theme and different planting. There are meant to be over 6000 labelled plants within the grounds, which I could well believe though I wasn't going to try to count them all.

Located on the site of the Cuddra copper mine, the land was bought in 1974 as a showpiece for the plant collection of Ray and Shirley Clemo, who created the gardens. They are currently owned by Chang Li and he boarded each coach to give a short introduction before allowing us the freedom to wander in any direction. However Chang Li suggested that we following the marked trail to make sure of seeing all areas, and this seemed good advice. The gardens are close packed, but the planting and meandering paths mean you cannot see the next one until you enter it.

Whilst some of the garden names are slightly fanciful, the different gardens really are very impressive. Each has a very different theme.

The vast majority of the plants were labelled, which for a collection of this size is no mean feat. However the weather made note-taking very difficult so you'll have to enjoy my photos without most of this information.

There are over 20 names areas within the Park and Gardens. I wouldn't want to judge one against another, they were all quite different, but my favourites were the Arboretum, Winter Garden, Sunken Garden and the Japanese Garden (don't know quite why but I am always drawn to Chinese and Japanese gardens).

Even in the rain it was a most enjoyable visit, but don't just take my word, go yourself.

Courtyard©Ken Woolfenden

Wisteria Bridge©Ken Woolfenden
Wisteria Bridge

Hidden Statue©Ken Woolfenden
Hidden Statue

Clematis 'Marie Boisselot' on the Clematis Pergola©Ken Woolfenden
Clematis 'Marie Boisselot' on the Clematis Pergola

The Sunken Garden

In the Sunken Garden©Ken Woolfenden

In the Sunken Garden©Ken Woolfenden
Lecture Room in the background

Probably C. 'Nelly Moser'©Ken Woolfenden
Probably C. 'Nelly Moser'

In the Arboretum

In the Arboretum©Ken Woolfenden
In the Arboretum©Ken Woolfenden
The Arboretum©Ken Woolfenden
The Arboretum©Ken Woolfenden
The Arboretum©Ken Woolfenden The Arboretum©Ken Woolfenden

The Winter Garden

Winter Garden©Ken Woolfenden Winter Garden©Ken Woolfenden

Rosa 'Paul's Himalayan Musk'©Ken Woolfenden
Rosa 'Paul's Himalayan Musk'

The Lake

The Lake©Ken Woolfenden

Canada Geese by the Lake©Ken Woolfenden
Canada Geese by the Lake

Views of the Japanese Garden

Views of the Japanese Garden©Ken Woolfenden Views of the Japanese Garden©Ken Woolfenden
Views of the Japanese Garden©Ken Woolfenden Views of the Japanese Garden©Ken Woolfenden

The Slave Garden

The Slave Garden©Ken Woolfenden The Slave Garden©Ken Woolfenden

The Lost Gardens of Heligan

Fiona and I had visited The Lost Gardens of Heligan once before, in 2000. At that time there was still much restoration work to complete, and even some to start, but I remember the visit fondly. The treasures already uncovered were amazing. So did our second visit have the same impact? I'll tell you that later, for now it's time to have a look around.

It was a bit overcast when we reached the gardens, with a chilly breeze that encouraged you to wander around rather than stand and admire. Fiona and I made our way to the walled vegetable garden. Beautifully laid out, it is very large and very productive. Produce is used, I believe, in the various cafés and restaurants around the gardens and some is also sold in the shop. And sometimes you can be lucky as we were when, later in the afternoon, we strolled back this way and came across a basket of strawberries with a "Please eat me" sign!

In many ways mirroring the vegetable garden is the flower garden, used for the floral displays that would have adorned the dinner tables of Heligan House.

The Walled Vegetable Garden©Ken Woolfenden
Walled Vegetable Garden

The Cutting Flower Garden©Ken Woolfenden
The Cutting Flower Garden

Cold Frames©Ken Woolfenden
Cold Frames

Bee Boles and Skep©Ken Woolfenden
Bee Boles and Skep

From the large walled vegetable garden you go through into a smaller area containing the old, restored (I think) cold frames, and wonderful constructions they are too. It also has a melon house and a pineapple pit, a deep covered bed which would have been filled with manure to generate heat to grow and ripen pineapples, a rare and highly prized crop.

Just outside of this are the Bee Boles, alcoves built into a brick wall within which you put you skeps - the woven basket hives for the bees. The Boles protected the skeps, and therefore the bees, from the worst of the weather but unusually, the ones at Heligan are fitted with doors.

Italian Garden©Ken Woolfenden
Italian Garden

Summerhouse Patio and View©Ken Woolfenden
Summerhouse Patio and View

The Italian Garden was one of the first parts of Heligan to be restored. It's quite amazing that it was even discovered, it had become so overgrown. Small but of classic / formal design, it is a very calm and peaceful place. Close by is the Northern Summerhouse, meant to be one of the oldest buildings at Heligan. For me, the beauty of this place is the flag stoned area , small fountain in the middle, and fantastic view out towards St Austell bay. A perfect place to sit on a summer evening.

However for me there is one place above all others at Heligan that one must see - the Jungle. Containing ferns, palms, bamboo, gunnera and associated plants, how anyone had the vision to construct this I do not know. It looks as if it has been here for centuries. As you go down, through a number of levels each with a pond that feeds the next, it is hard to believe that just the other side of this valley there are open fields. It is very difficult to capture the size of the plants and denseness of planting in photographs. I have tried with the following pictures, but there is only one way to really understand it and that's to visit and wander through it!

Views of the Jungle

Bamboo, ferns, gunnera and palms around the ponds©Ken Woolfenden Bamboo, ferns, gunnera and palms around the ponds©Ken Woolfenden

Bamboo, ferns, gunnera and palms around the ponds

Bamboo, ferns, gunnera and palms around the ponds©Ken Woolfenden
Fiona walks the Rope bridge across the gorge©Ken Woolfenden
Bamboo, ferns, gunnera and palms around the ponds©Ken Woolfenden
Epiphyte on an old tree trunk©Ken Woolfenden

Fiona walks the Rope Bridge across the Gorge

Epiphyte on an old tree trunk

Bottom Pond©Ken Woolfenden

The Bottom Pond

Time went too quickly, one could easily have spent all day here and still not seen everything. However I will leave you with two more features. To commemorate the centenary of the start of World War 1, Heligan created its own tribute by planting a field of poppies. It had special significance here since it signalled the start of the decline of the estate. Secondly and on a much less serious note, are the two sculptures, the Mud Maid and the Giant's Head.
Field of poppies©Ken Woolfenden Poppies©Ken Woolfenden

Field of poppies to commemorate the start of the First World War

The Mud Maid©Ken Woolfenden
The Mud Maid

The Giant's Head©Ken Woolfenden
The Giant's Head

Back to my question re this second visit for us. Did it have the same impact as the first time - the answer is both yes and no. The gardens are still quite amazing, very well worth a visit. I think, though, that some of the wonder of Heligan is in the story of discovery and restoration, and whilst they are still not finished (and probably never will be), they are neater and tidier. If you don't know of the story of Heligan, you may find it difficult to see it in the gardens as they stand today.

But I will never tire of visiting the Jungle!


It was time to move on, but not back to our hotel, for tonight we were visiting and dining at Healey's Cyder Farm. I wasn't quite sure what to expect, but certainly not the smart modern building at the centre of the complex.

Healey's Cyder Farm©Ken Woolfenden
Healey's Cyder Farm

Stainless Steel Storage Tanks©Ken Woolfenden
Stainless Steel Storage Tanks advertising their Rattler Brand

Dinner is served inside©Ken Woolfenden
Dinner is served inside

They even had a clematis in the courtyard©Ken Woolfenden
  They even had a Clematis in the Courtyard

First things first, as we went into a large dining hall and were served dinner, very efficiently considering the size of our group. Then it was time to break into three groups for a tour of the orchards, tour of the manufacturing facility and, finally, a tasting.

For the orchard tour we boarded a trailer hitched to a tractor and set off. Our guide gave a very interesting explanation of the ins and outs of growing fruit for cyder - what makes a good apple, how they are blended for different characteristics. There's a lot more to cyder making than growing a few apples, crushing them, collecting the juice and fermenting it.

Tractor tour of the Orchards©Ken Woolfenden
Tractor tour of the Orchards

Some of the Orchards©Ken Woolfenden
Some of the Orchards

Next was a walk around the processing plant. A brand new facility, all stainless steel and highly automated, it was due to go online in the next few weeks and will enable Healey's to significantly increase production, for which they have big plans. It's worth pointing out at this stage that this family firm was responsible (some years ago) for the Austin Healey sports car, a British classic of the 1950s and 1960s. They had three models in their entrance hall, and very smart they looked.

New and ultramodern Processing Plant©Ken Woolfenden
New and ultramodern Processing Plant

Austin Healey 3000 Mk III©Ken Woolfenden
Austin Healey 3000 Mk III

The final part of our tour was a tasting. Their premium product is Rattler, which I found completely different to cider I had drunk many years ago. It had a complex taste, a good sharpness and was quite a revelation.

But I was also surprised and interested to see they distil whiskey. The first barrel was bottled and released in 2011 and has received high praise indeed. It's a premium product, in short supply and commands a high price, but it was also possible to pay for a taste, which I did. My personal verdict, very much a single malt with a very clean and rounded taste. You need to be rich to buy a bottle, but if you like whiskey it's well worth having a sample.

At last, Cyder Tasting!©Ken Woolfenden
At last, Cyder Tasting!

Healey's Award-winning Whiskey©Ken Woolfenden
Healey's Award-winning Whiskey

Next month my last report will cover visits to the Eden Project, Trebah Gardens and Roseland House, as well as our Gala Dinner. Don't miss it!

To read the first of my reports, please click here.

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